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Rebellion September October 1850     
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Roly McIntosh, aka Roley Macintosh, Creek chief
 
Roly McIntosh, chief of the Lower Creeks from 1828-1859. McIntosh held many slaves at his plantation on the Arkansas River. Like the half-brother of William McIntosh, he was a prominent ally of Andrew Jackson and enemy of the Black Seminoles. Oklahoma Historical Society.