Ruins of sugar mill, Dunlawton plantation
Photograph, 1959, Florida Photographic Collection.
In December of 1835, the Second Seminole War erupted in the most
coordinated series of Indian attacks in U.S. history. Maroon warriors and
plantation slaves played integral roles in the uprising. By April of
1836, the Black Seminoles and their Indian allies had sparked the
largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, as more than 385 plantation
slaves fled their masters and joined in the wholesale destruction of
Florida's sugar mills -- at the time some of the most valuable plantations in all
of North America.