Within hours, 105 U.S. soldiers lay dead. The Seminoles had lost only three warriors. For the first time in a generation, they had dealt a deadly blow to the army of Andrew Jackson -- the army that massacred 300 blacks and Indians at the Negro Fort (1816), that burned and pillaged Seminole towns in the First Seminole War (1817-18), and that brought American statehood and slavery to the once-free wilderness of Florida (1821).
Sprague Origin 89-91, Mahon 106. ©
Part 2, War: l