Rebellion December 28, 1835     
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spacer Massacre of the Whites by the Indians and Blacks in Florida, 1836 engraving
1836 wood engraving printed for Blanchard's narrative of the war. Caption reads: "The above is intended to represent the horrid Massacre of the Whites in Florida, in December 1835, and January, February, March and April 1836, when near Four Hundred (including women and children) fell victim to the barbarity of the Negroes and Indians." See key images for more detailed commentary. Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, LC-USZ62-366. View an image enlargement
spacer "Massacre"

Within hours, 105 U.S. soldiers lay dead. The Seminoles had lost only three warriors. For the first time in a generation, they had dealt a deadly blow to the army of Andrew Jackson -- the army that massacred 300 blacks and Indians at the Negro Fort (1816), that burned and pillaged Seminole towns in the First Seminole War (1817-18), and that brought American statehood and slavery to the once-free wilderness of Florida (1821).

Sources: Sprague Origin 89-91, Mahon 106.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images

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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
spacer spacer War Erupts
Key Actors
Slave Uprising
Army Response
National Mood
Seminole Success
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Seminole Perspective:
Account of the attack by Halpatter-Tustenuggee or Alligator