Compounding problems, white men in 1836 had almost no solid knowledge of Florida's interior. Maps detailed the coastal edges of the territory, but offered only vague descriptions of the vast inland spaces. Especially daunting were the swamps, like Wahoo and the mysterious Everglades.
The Seminoles gained a distinct advantage from their familiarity with the terrain, as Lieutenant Sprague
"Forty-seven thousand square miles in the territory of Florida, was occupied by an enemy by nature vindictive and revengeful, treacherous and subtle, striving for their rights.... Every hammock and swamp was to them a citadel...."
[Continuation of excerpt]
Carter 25: 385-87, ASPMA 5: 575, Sprague Origin 273. ©
Part 2, War: l