Rebellion December 14, 1837     
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John Ross, Cherokee Chief
John Ross, the famous Cherokee chief, owned 100 African slaves in the early 1800s. Cherokees were valuable allies of American slaveholders from at least the Yamasee War (1714) through the U.S. Civil War, when the Cherokees sided with the confederacy. Hand-colored lithograph from the McKenney-Hall History of the Indian tribes of North America (1858), after an 1825 painting by Charles Bird King.
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In his anger, Jesup resorted once again to treachery. Before the escape, he had dispatched the Cherokee leader John Ross on a peace mission to the Seminoles. Ross brought in Micanopy and 81 followers for talks. While negotiating with them under a flag of truce, Jesup began to fear another mass escape. To forestall such an outcome, he simply seized the allies as prisoners of war. Ross was outraged, Micanopy stunned. The chief's followers were deported almost immediately. Micanopy wept as his boat pulled from the shore.

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Sources: Jarvis "Diary" 23, Mahon 223, Foreman "Report" 428-36.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
spacer spacer Captivity
Noble Savages
Liberty or Death
Osceola's Death
Star of the Nation
Jesup's Proclamation
The Decision
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion