Rebellion March 17, 1838     
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Secretary of War Joel Poinsett, with Francis Blair
Secretary of War Joel Poinsett, top left, in an 1840 cartoon satirizing his policies in Florida. Original lithograph attributed to Henry R. Robinson. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-91404.
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Star of the Nation

On March 17th, the Secretary of War rejected Jesup's peace plan.* The general called a council to announce the bad news, but none of the Indians showed. Once again, Jesup feared the worst. And once again, he ordered the immediate seizure of all Indians in the vicinity. It was the third time that Jesup had seized prisoners in the midst of negotiations. In this final "late grab," as one newspaper called it, he captured more than 500 Indians and 160 Black Seminoles, the largest haul of the war.

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Sources: Mahon 237, Foreman Indian 362, Coe 137, Giddings Exiles 185.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images

*The decision would later haunt the administration of Martin Van Buren, who assumed the presidency after Jackson in 1837 and allowed the war to drag on until 1842.

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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
spacer spacer Captivity
Noble Savages
Liberty or Death
Osceola's Death
Star of the Nation
Jesup's Proclamation
The Decision
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion