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Rebellion Npvember 26, 1835     
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Scene in the Florida Woods
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A scene in the Florida woods. Created from "View of earth works, Fort Gadsden," 1950, Florida Photographic Collection.
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Before the Storm

As the year drew to a close, both sides knew that a single incident could ignite the smoldering tensions. Finally, in November, Osceola struck the first deadly blow, but not against the whites. Outside Wetumka, he and a band of followers confronted Charley Emathla, a chief friendly to the Americans. Emathla had just sold his cattle in preparation for moving west. He was carrying a bag of coins from the sale. Osceola killed the pro-American chief, then scattered the coins in all directions. He forbid his followers from touching the money, saying that it was made of the red man's blood.

The coins and the corpse lay on the ground for two years.

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Sources: ASPMA 6: 437, Sprague 88, Potter 96-97, Cohen 66-67.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
Jackson's Rise
Payne's Landing
Creek Country
Seminole Outrage
Osceola
Before the Storm
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion