Basically, Jesup achieved peace by making a major battlefield
concession. By his own admission he granted the Seminoles "the most liberal terms."
The crucial article of his agreement was the fifth, in which
he broke with President Jackson's original goals and
effectively reversed six decades of Anglo-American policy
toward the Seminoles. Since 1790, the U.S. had sought to recover fugitive blacks from the Indians. Now, under the fifth article of Jesup's agreement, the U.S. agreed to let the blacks remain with them:
"Major General Jesup, in behalf of the United States, agrees that the Seminoles and their allies, who come in and emigrate West, shall be secure in their lives and property; that their Negroes their bona fide property, shall accompany them West; and that their cattle and ponies shall be paid for by the United States."
ASPMA 7: 834, Sprague Origin 172, Giddings Exiles 140-41, Mahon 200, Twyman 128, Genovese 73. ©
Part 2, War: l