For the first time, a U.S. agreement acknowledged the legitimate existence of Africans among the
Seminoles. Moreover, the document was careful to distinguish between their free black "allies" and their slaves, "their Negroes their bona fide property."
President Jackson had ordered the Army to fight until all slaves claimed by white men were returned to their owners. Jesup reversed that order, in its place guaranteeing the security of these same contested blacks.
Mahon 200, Twyman 73-149, Porter Black 77-78. ©
Part 2, War: l