Appeals for Help
John Horse's first move was to team up with Coacoochee on a
delegation to Washington in 1844. Coacoochee traveled on his
own initiative -- without a clear mandate from the tribal
leadership -- to try and secure separate lands for the Seminoles, where they could live as they had in Florida. John Horse went along as an interpreter and representative of the blacks.*
Sources: Foreman Five 237, Porter Black 112-3.
Part 3, Exile: l
*Out of fear of reprisals, John Horse later denied that he had officially represented the blacks, but the record