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Rebellion June 6, 1848     
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General Jesup
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General Thomas Sydney Jesup, U.S. Army portrait. Date and artist unknown. Florida Photographic Collection.
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American Justice

Jesup felt utterly betrayed. He had extended the promise of freedom to the Black Seminoles on his own authority as the war's commanding officer. Now, ten years after the fact, the country was going back on its word. Polk and Mason had violated Jesup's personal honor and the honor of the Army.

When the War department asked for advice on how best to return the Black Seminoles to bondage, Jesup replied with a terse, angry note:

"Genl Jesup considering that his personal honor is involved declines any opinion as to the manner of returning negroes, whom he considers entitled to their freedom, to slavery."

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Sources: Littlefield Seminoles 114, Kieffer 235, Porter Black 125.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
Assassination
Washington
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion