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Rebellion 1818 - 1850     
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Three rivers in the history of the Black Seminoles
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Three rivers in the history of the Black Seminoles: (Left to right) The Suwannee, which they fled in 1818; the Canadian, where the government promised, then denied, a secure homeland; the Rio Grande, which Black Seminoles crossed to freedom in 1850. spacer
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The Suwannee in 1818, the Canadian in 1838, the Rio Grande in 1850 -- once again, the Black Seminoles had crossed a river to freedom. John Horse had been there each time -- as a boy routed from his home, a warrior seeking peace, and a man taking desperate measures to save his community. Would there be more rivers to cross, or would this be the last?





Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images

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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
spacer spacer Dark Prospects
Wewoka
New Frontier
Flight
Cross to Freedom
New Horizon
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion