Rebellion September – October 1850     
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Coacoochee, or Wildcat. Engraving by N. Orr for Joshua Giddings' Exiles of Florida, based on Orr's previous engraving for Lt. Sprague's 1848 history.
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Even as Bowlegs and an alleged 180 followers were making their way south, Coacoochee was heading north, returning to the Indian Territory to entice more allies to Mexico. News reports in Texas raised alarms about Coacoochee’s plans. Papers as far away as New York claimed that the Seminole chief had 800 followers ready to commit depredations on the Texas frontier. Coacoochee fueled speculation by variously saying he had 600 or 1,600 followers—claims he probably made to scare enemies as much as encourage recruits. Like an astute politician, he described his mission differently depending on his audience. For Kickapoos, he conjured the vision of a confederation of Indians and blacks in Mexico. For Anglos and Mexicans, he marketed the services of a military colony that could defend them against the Plains tribes and the “too near approaches of the common foe, the savage Camanches [sic].”

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Sources: Littlefield Africans and Seminoles 154, Foreman Five 263-65, House Doc. 15, 33rd Cong., 2nd Sess.:15-31, Tyler 4, The Texas Monument Oct. 16, 1850, The Western Texas (San Antonio) Aug. 24, Sept. 7, 1854, Montgomery 143-147. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
spacer spacer Arrival
Second Exodus
Border Etiquette
Duval's Desserts
Indian Killers
End of an Era
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
 + Legacy & Conclusion