End of an Era
In the two years after Coacoochee’s death, the African-Seminole alliance
almost completely deteriorated. Seminole Indians under their new chief, Lion,
tried to subject the blacks to Indian leadership, but the blacks refused.
Seminole Indians began to consider returning to the Indian Territory. In 1856 in
the U.S., a new treaty finally authorized a sovereign Seminole nation separate from
the Creeks. For Seminole Indians in Mexico, this made prospects of a return
especially appealing. In 1859, Lion led 50 destitute
Seminole Indians back to the Indian Territory.
The Black Seminoles, meanwhile, were facing renewed threats from Texas-based
slaving parties. To end the threat of invasion, the Mexican government relocated
the maroons far south of Nacimiento in the region of La Laguna de Parras. Here they received
land, provisions, and help establishing their community. The blacks were now 300
miles south of the remaining Seminole Indians.
Mulroy 75, Porter Black 144.