For all the bravery that the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts displayed, there
were dark ironies behind their role in the American West. From 1873-1881, the
scouts played a major role in one of the country’s most mythologized events, the
pacification of the Texas frontier. White heroes and cowboys would later receive
almost all the credit, not just in dime novels and movies, but also in the state
legislature and public memory of Texas. Regardless of who deserved credit,
however, the pacification of the frontier was morally complex. Indians hunted
down by black warriors were hardly likely to view the maroons as heroes, freedom
fighters, or peace-keepers. For Kiowa chief Lone Wolf, whose favorite son was
killed in an encounter with scouts in 1873, the black warriors were probably
more akin to mercenaries.
Sources: Porter Black 187.
Part 4, Freedom: l