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Rebellion Autumn, 1826     
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Gopher Tortoise of Florida
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Adult male Gopher Tortoise. Michael Connor. California Turtle & Tortoise Club.
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One night, John Horse came around with two terrapins, known as "gopher tortoises" in the local idiom. Colonel Brooke later recalled buying the tortoises from "the long-legged, lathy negro boy," and instructing him to bring more as he caught them. Over the next week, John Horse brought two tortoises a day, always depositing them in the Colonel's pen. Finally, Brooke was ready to hold a feast for his officers. But when his cook examined the pen, he found only two gophers. John Horse had been stealing the same two each night, then selling them to the Colonel each day.

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Sources: McCall 163-65, Porter Black 29-30.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
spacer spacer Annexation
Moultrie Creek
Slave Raiders
Abraham
Gopher John
Peace
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion