Rebellion December 1835 - January 1836     
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Ruins of Depeyster Plantation at New Smyrna
Ruins of the Cruger and Depeyster plantation and sugar mill in New Smyrna, Florida, where slaves first rebelled on Christmas Day, 1835, at the outset of the Second Seminole War. Photo by John Bradley.
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Rosetta, Spring Gardens, Bulowville -- the largest plantations in East Florida were systematically targeted and destroyed. The Seminole allies wrecked mills, burned homes, confiscated livestock and corn. At each stop they recruited more slaves:

"Depeyster's negroes were traitors, and must have been in league with the Indians," "Upwards of two hundred and fifty negroes have joined and are more desperate than the Indians," "the whole of Major Heriot's negroes moved off."

By January, almost 300 slaves from Mosquito County alone had fled to the rebel forces. Months of planning were paying off. The Black Seminoles and their Indian allies were sparking a mass uprising.

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Sources: Boyd "Seminole" 60-63, The Charleston Courier Jan 12, 21, 22 cited in Porter Negro 266, Bemrose 12-13. For more on the slave rebellion, see the essays section.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
spacer spacer War Erupts
Key Actors
Slave Uprising
Army Response
National Mood
Seminole Success
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion