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Rebellion August - September 1842     
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Steamboat entering Indian Territory on the Arkansas River
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A steamboat coming up the Arkansas River into Indian Territory. Arkansas River Historical Society Museum.
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Emigration

In the summer of 1842, John Horse and his fellow emigres sailed up the Arkansas River on the Steamboat Swan. By now, John Horse had amassed moderate wealth. When the boat ran aground below Fort Smith, for example, he loaned the presiding officer $1500 to clear the vessel. Over the next year, John Horse was able to live on his savings while establishing his family as homesteaders.

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Sources: Foreman Five 226, Mulroy 37, Porter Black 112.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
Atrocities
National Debate
Prosperity
Emigration
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion