Rebellion 1725 - 1835     
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Type specimens of runaway slaves, and the ads they were used to depict them
Type specimens of runaway slaves (above) and two publications that used them, from the Type Specimen Book of L. Johnson and Co. The sample publications are "Carrying the War Into Africa," a handbill of 1850, and the cover of The Anti-Slavery Record of July 1837.

More on slaves and type specimens

In the early 1800s, engraving companies offered a limited number of specimens, or "types," for commonly recurring images such as runaway slaves. As a result, identical runaway types were used in ads and posters around the country -- and here, in the lower right example, in an anti-slavery publication.
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Seminole slavery

Historians have not been able to pinpoint the origins of Seminole slavery. The practice may date to the British occupation of Florida, or even to the early 1700s, when blacks first sought refuge in the region.

Undoubtedly, Seminole chiefs gained wealth and prestige from owning slaves. At least partially, however, their system seems to have evolved as a form of protection for runaways. As American-style slavery expanded south toward Florida, fugitive blacks found that they had a much better chance of maintaining their freedom if they could claim to be the property of a Seminole Indian.

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Sources: Porter Black 4-5, Mulroy 11, McCall 160, Littlefield Seminoles 8-9.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
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Seminole Slavery
Living Conditions
Afro-Indian Culture
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion