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Rebellion 1812 - 1813     
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Map showing Amelia Island around the time of the Patriot War
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With assistance from local planters, the Patriots succeeding in taking Amelia Island ("Isola Amelia" on the map above) in March of 1812. They overreached themselves, however, with attempts to hold St. Augustine and control the Seminole homelands on the Alachua savannah. Map detail based on Antonio Zatta's 1778 map of the coastal regions of Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas, "Parte Orientale della Florida, della Giorgia, e Carolina Meridionale." David Rumsey Map Collection, www.davidrumsey.com.
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To the American public the ensuing "Patriot War" of 1812-1813 appeared to be the spontaneous action of Georgia militia -- the so-called Patriots. It looked as if the Patriots had entered Florida of their own accord, hoping to foment rebellion and build popular support for U.S. annexation. Few Americans realized that the President and Congress had authorized the action. The ruse even fooled generations of historians who described the Patriot War as the independent action of filibusters.

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Sources: Smith Plot 188-212.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
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Andrew Jackson
Negro Fort
First War
+ A New Country
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion