spacer
Rebellion 1821     
spacer
spacerspacer
spacerHomespacer spacerOverviewspacer spacerTrail Narrativespacer spacerHighlightsspacer spacerMapsspacer spacerResourcesspacer spacerImagesspacer spacer
spacer
James Gadsden
spacer
James Gadsden, aide-de-camp to General Jackson during the Florida campaign of 1818. Gadsden played a later role in the history of the Seminoles by negotiating the Treaty of Payne's Landing (1832). He is known mainly for negotiating the Gadsden Purchase while serving as ambassador to Mexico in 1853. Photo of Claribel Jett's painting. Florida Photographic Collection.
View an image enlargement
spacer
Previous slide Next slide
Annexation slide tickerslide tickerslide tickerslide tickerslide ticker

In the wake of the First Seminole War, refugees flooded south toward Angola, causing Captain James Gadsden to describe the region as "the last rallying spot of the disaffected negroes and Indians." Gadsden suggested erecting a military post from which the U.S. could destroy the black and Indian settlements. General Jackson recommended the plan to the President, but a delay in the official transfer of Florida kept all schemes on hold. Meanwhile, the Governor of Georgia was contemplating his own raid. After meeting with Jackson's close ally, Creek chief William McIntosh, the Governor noted,

"I have it in contemplation to send McIntosh with a Party of warriors to bring away all the Negroes."

Previous slidespacerspacer




Sources: Brown "Sarrazota," Doster 2: 231.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
spacer spacer
 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
spacer spacer Annexation
Moultrie Creek
Slave Raiders
Abraham
Gopher John
Peace
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion