When Jackson became the territorial governor of Florida on April 2, 1821, the black community at Angola was still flourishing, but not for long. Jackson's first question for the secretary of state, John Quincy Adams, concerned the blacks and Indians around Tampa: Were they to be ordered up to the Creek country, or protected in their settlements? "Whatever may be the Presidents Instructions upon this subject shall be strictly obeyed," he wrote
But Jackson's assurances were moot. Before Adams or President Monroe
Old Hickory's associates -- most notably McIntosh and another
Creek chief, William Weatherford -- led a brutal slave raid on Angola.
The raiders surprised the blacks in May or early
June, capturing 300 maroons, plundering their plantations, and
setting fire to their homes. Moving further down the peninsula, they robbed a community of Spanish fishermen and captured more slaves, "besides committing the greatest
excess," in the words of a correspondent who may have
participated in the attacks. The correspondent continued: " [T]he
terror thus spread along the Western Coast of East Florida broke all establishments of both blacks and Indians."
Incensed by the unsanctioned invasion of the new territory, the Secretary of War ordered an immediate investigation to account for the 300 captured blacks. Less than forty, it was learned, had been returned to southern owners. A majority remained unaccounted for, presumably sold into slavery at great profit to the raiders.
Carter 22: 28-29, Brown "Sarrazota," Charleston City Gazette and Commercial
Advertiser, quoted in the Philadelphia National Gazette and Literary
Register, December 3, 1821, as cited in Brown.
Part 1, Early Years: l