Rebellion 1821     
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Andros Island in the Bahamas
Detail showing Andros Island and the Bahamas, from "A new general chart of the West Indies," 1789 map by Osgood Carleton and William Norman, prepared for The American Pilot editions of 1792 and 1798. David Rumsey Map Collection,
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It is not known whether John Horse and his mother lived through the attack, witnessed it, or merely learned of it from survivors. In its aftermath, they chose to remain in the region, ultimately settling near the Indian villages on Lake Thonotosassa, west of Tampa.

Many other Black Seminoles chose to flee Florida altogether. Making their way to the southern cape, scores of starving and terrorized refugees bargained with ship captains for safe passage to the Bahamas or made the journey themselves in dugout canoes. When they reached the Bahamas, the fugitives were spurned by their former British allies. Nonetheless, the maroons founded communities on Andros Island. Over time they settled in Nicholls' Town and started a settlement at Red Bays. To this day their history persists in Bahamian oral traditions.

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Sources: Porter "Notes" 56-60, Goggin 201-6, Mulroy 26.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
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Moultrie Creek
Slave Raiders
Gopher John
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion